Evidence Based Guidelines for Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic disorder that is characterized by hyperglycemia, associated with major abnormalities in carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism and is accompanied by a marked propensity to develop relatively specific forms of renal, ocular, neurologic and premature cardiovascular disease.

Type I:

Insulin dependent, ketosis prone. Insulin deficiency is due to islet cell loss. Occurs at any age, common in youth. Formerly called juvenile onset diabetes.

Type 2:

Non-insulin dependent. Ketosis is rare. More frequent in adults but can occur at any age. A complex metabolic disorder characterized by resistance to the action of insulin and a relative or predominant impairment of insulin secretion.

  • Standard of medical care in diabetes 2010. American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 2010; 33 suppl 1: S11-S61.
  • HRSA guidelines for Health Disparities Collaborative: Diabetes Health Measures, 2006.
  • Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2018 Abridged for Primary Care Providers American Diabetes Association